Systems Biology and Biological Control Systems: Engineering Perspectives on Diseases, Precision Medicine and the Design of Effective Treatments

Babatunde Ogunnaike, Ph.D.
William L. Friend Chaired professor of Chemical Engineering and Dean of the College of Engineering
University of Delaware
Isermann Auditorium, CBIS, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Thu, October 11, 2018 at 2:30 PM

The mammalian organism maintains stable, efficient and “near-optimal” performance and homeostasis in the face of external and internal perturbations via distinct biological systems ranging from the large-scale physiological (nervous, endocrine, immune, circulatory, respiratory, etc.), to the cellular (growth and proliferation regulation, DNA damage repair, etc.), and the sub-cellular (gene expression, protein synthesis, metabolite regulation, etc). “Biological Control Systems,” a sub-topic of Control Theory, arises from a control engineering perspective of the function, organization, and coordination of these multi-scale biological systems and the control mechanisms that enable them to carry out their functions effectively. In this presentation, we will provide an overview of how physiological life is made possible by control, and demonstrate the usefulness of a control engineering perspective of pathologies for diagnosis, design, and implementation of effective treatments, especially for precision (personalized) medicine. The concepts and principles will be illustrated using a specific clinical example involving platelet count control for an immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) patient.

Babatunde Ogunnaike, Ph.D.

Babatunde A. (“Tunde”) Ogunnaike is the William L. Friend Chaired professor of Chemical Engineering and Dean of the College of Engineering at the University of Delaware. He received the B.Sc. degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Lagos, Nigeria; the M.S. degree, in Statistics and the Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering both from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He is the author or co-author of four books including a widely used textbook, Process Dynamics, Modeling and Control, and Random Phenomena: Fundamentals of Probability and Statistics for Engineers. He is an Associate Editor of the journal Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. His awards include the American Institute of Chemical Engineers 1998 CAST Computing Practice Award, the 2004 University of Delaware’s College of Engineering Excellence in Teaching award, the 2007 ISA Eckman Award, and the 2008 AACC Control Engineering Practice award. He was named a fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers in 2009, and elected to fellowship of the Nigerian Academy of Engineering and elected to the US National Academy of Engineering both in 2012.